Helminthiasis or infection of the human body with parasitic worms - helminths are very common in both adults and children.
There are various diseases caused by parasitic worms.
A disease such as enterobiasis or damage to the body by pinworms is widespread. Enterobiasis occurs in both adults and children. Drug treatment of this helminthiasis should take place against the background of compliance with certain rules, because a person is more likely to infect himself and other people.
Before talking about the treatment of helminthiasis in adults and children, you should describe their characteristic symptoms and signs.
Symptoms of helminthiasis
Helminths are flatworms found in lung tissue and bile ducts. These are roundworms or worms that parasitize in the intestines along with the worms. Finally, there is an extravascular localization of helminthiasis. These include especially dangerous parasites - echinococcosis and especially alveolar echinococcus or simply alveococcus.
Therefore, all the symptoms of helminthic invasions are divided into non-specific, which are caused by "poisoning" of the body with helminthic wastes and depend on the localization and biological characteristics of an individual parasite. What are the non-specific symptoms of intestinal parasites?
Non-specific or common symptoms include:
- appearance of chronic fatigue;
- allergic symptoms - itching, Quincke's edema, dry cough;
- stomach pain;
- unstable stool;
- flatulence, bloating;
- sleep disorders;
- loss of appetite;
- It is possible to lose weight with a long, chronic walk.
Specific symptoms of helminthiasis
These symptoms are related to each parasite. Thus, when infected with pinworms, a person is bothered by itching in the anus (especially at night), with ring infection - the appearance of subcutaneous migration of parasites under the skin in the form of an elastic and long band. Characteristic symptoms of trichinosis are facial swelling, as well as the result of a muscle biopsy analysis that detects Trichinella larvae in a capsule.
However, most parasites have no symptoms, so you only need to rely on a correct diagnosis. It is known that the treatment of helminthiasis in adults and children occurs almost exclusively on the basis of diagnosis.
With the typical localization of parasites, it is almost always necessary to analyze the feces containing the eggs of the parasites (if the person is the final owner of the parasite). If the helminth is outside the intestine, for example in the bile ducts, then duodenal intubation is sometimes necessary for a reliable diagnosis. Parasitic eggs can sometimes be found in the gallbladder and ducts.
Sometimes, for example, with enterobiasis, it is necessary to shave from perianal wrinkles, because the parasite lays eggs on the outside, in the anus, sticking them to the skin surface.
Treatment of helminthiasis can begin only after an accurate diagnosis. In modern medicine, specific allergy diagnostic methods and immunological methods, such as ELISA, are sometimes used. However, even after a "positive blood test", it is desirable to either isolate the parasite's eggs or obtain literal proof of its presence in the body.
Drug treatment of helminthiasis is the basis for the treatment of helminthic invasions. It should be monitored by a physician - a parasitologist or infection specialist. The main emphasis is on the effective concentration of the drug, which should reach high numbers. Therefore, the treatment of helminthiasis with folk remedies is questionable, because it is unequivocal and does not allow to be sure in advance that such a concentration will be obtained.
In addition, the mechanism of action of many popular recipes is generally unknown, and their effectiveness is often based on rumors. Sometimes traditional medicines contain active ingredients, but they must be isolated, cleaned for a long time, and only then studied, including side effects.
For example, the treatment of some human helminthiasis with pumpkin seeds is widespread. In fact, it is not the seeds that have an anthelmintic effect, but the "shells" or a transparent film. It contains only a special substance that affects parasites.
However, officially accepted medications are more effective, less recommended per dose, well-studied side effects, and an openly recommended dose.
Therefore, you should first go to a doctor - an infectious disease specialist or parasitologist, and then to the laboratory. Anthelmintic therapy can be prescribed only after the diagnosis is confirmed.
Perhaps there is only one exception to the general rule - the prophylactic treatment of enterobiasis in groups of children. In children and adults, this helminthiasis causes characteristic symptoms, and treatment is carried out not only in sick children, but also in healthy ones.
This is because epidemiologists know that in the case of a disease, as a rule, more than 90% of the entire staff is affected, and two doses of anthelmintic drugs are required and monitored.